DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND DEVELOPMENT:Disaster preparedness programme cannnot be implemented in isolation and it should he integrated with ongoing developmental activity. The following table shows the integration of ongoing developmental activities with disaster preparendness.



Natural disasters often increase morbidity and mortality rates. Regular channel of communication and life support services like medical facilities are jeopardized in the event of a disaster. People suffer from mental shock. Panic and confusion prevails. A prompt response mast provides first aid and organizes a tiered system of care to victims before they are moved to hospitals

Emergency Medical Care is and should be an integral pan of the overall disaster preparedness plan, The progamme has its primary objective the treatment of the wounded in the immediate aftermath of a cyclone and flood in order to reduce the number of deaths and disabilities.

Improvised strectcher with locally available Material Fracture-First Aid with locally available one metre cloth


Scarch, rescue and evacuation are in the immediate task of the task force group with in a community during or in the immediate after math of cyclone or any disaster. It is therefore necessary that a trained task force group members know the best and available means to achieve this using locally available resources financially with in their reach

Bustline throw Figure of 8 Knot in Rescuing a Person in smoke filled room


The displaced disaster victims have to be temporarily sheltered and provided with food. Thus in other words there is a need to organize relief camps during disasters. Relief camp organization includes evacuation of displaced victims to temporary shelter, methods to be followed in evacua¬tion. transportation of victims, location of relief camps, dry ration vs cooked food, types of emergency meal centers, kitchen site and layout disposal of kitchen wane, food and water requirements, storage of food, possibilities of contamination, basic principles of hygiene, serving techniques including queuing. trench Urines, special attention to pregnant women, aged, children, physi-cally challenged and mentally retarded people.


Trained taskforce members are expected to develop a contingency plan of their respective villages, involving local community, aged people, women Sanghas. village administrative officer. MRO (Govt. officials) fisheries department and other stakeholders of disaster management in their respec¬tive villages. Contingency plan is a valid document of the village and mostly it emphasizes the roles and responsibilities of trained youth in pre. during and post disaster situations. Contingency plan of the village comprises the following details.


To familiarize the taskforce member, with their taken responsibilities and actions, disaster drills arc organized periodically at village level and local community, trained taskforce members and other Govt. officials participate in the drill. Disaster drill is nothing but a rehearsal of performing the actions and responsibilities taken up by taskforce members along with Government officials and local community, if disaster strikes.

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